The Green Revolution that began in the 1940s and 50s brought about large increases in crop yields and saved millions of people from mass famine. Yet malnutrition remains widely prevalent around the globe. And, while many people eat enough calories, many do not get enough nutrients.
Now, plant breeders and biotechnologists are working on a new Green Revolution to make crops produce more nutrients, a process called biofortification. Examples include an orange ‘super banana’ genetically engineered to produce elevated levels of beta-carotene; pearl millet bred to contain large amounts of zinc and iron; beta-carotene-enriched cassava released in Nigeria; and iron-fortified beans in Rwanda. Read more