B4FA Fellow Lominda Afedraru reports:
Coffee is a major agricultural commodity in Africa, including Uganda. It is where most people derive their livelihood because it is mainly grown for commercial benefits.
The main type of coffee produced in Uganda is Robusta and it grows well in low altitude areas of central, eastern, western and southern Uganda up to 1,200 metres.
In Uganda, farmers are growing it mainly around Lake Victoria basin. Uganda’s Robusta coffee is considered to be one of the best in the world and commands a considerable quality.
However, the yield production of coffee in farmer fields is considered to be decreasing as a result of climate change challenges where farmers are experiencing prolonged dry spell and more erratic rainfall that lasts shorter periods.
This weather condition is impacting on the crop at flowering stage, where the flowers tend to abort thereby leading to less and poor quality production of coffee berries.
Other challenges include pests and diseases such as leaf miners, coffee twig borers, mealy bugs, and leaf rust which are on the increase. Read more