B4FA Fellow and farmer Michael Ssali writes:
The practice of covering the soil with organic matter in a garden is referred to as mulching.
The materials used to cover the soil such as dry grass, banana leaves, maize stalk, eucalyptus tree branches, coffee husks or any other crop left-over material are referred to as mulch.
If well practiced, mulching is one of the most efficient ways of protecting the soil and improving its fertility.
Mulching improves rainfall infiltration and water retention in the soil.
Mulching further reduces the rates of surface evaporation, facilitates the conservation of water in the soil, and keeps the crops strong and growing even during the dry period. Read more