B4FA Fellow, Michael Ssali writes:
Land disputes are getting more frequent as population pressure on land builds up. The population is increasing at the same rate as the struggle for people to get farming space.
Chunks of natural forests and wetlands have been turned into farmlands. In the majority of cases the people scrambling for land tend to ignore the legal processes of land ownership.
They work on land whose tenure they are not sure of, which often limits their freedom to carry out gainful investments.
Others farm on borrowed or hired land and they cannot invest in long-term ventures like growing high paying crops like coffee, or constructing permanent irrigation systems.
They cannot use the land as security to get loans from banks or other money lending institutions since they don’t have legal title deeds.
Many farmers work on small, fragmented pieces of land scattered in different, often far off, places and they lose a lot of time traveling to the gardens, which makes farm inspection difficult.
Since they work on small gardens they have to use simple hand tools like hoes, knives and pangas which are inefficient and require much labor, making farming less paying and unattractive especially to the youths.
Yet due to population pressure land fragmentation is increasing. Read more